Your new puppy/doggy would be anxious towards the new environment. She could be scared, or being very quiet. She might not have the appetite to eat, she might be hiding under your furniture or a corner, refused to crate or just no barking at all.

If you discovered such scenarios, she’s just stressed out and she need some time to adapt to the environment.

Here’s what you can do to help her:

You could try walking her into your house, allowing her to sniff around before introducing her to her “house”, it could be a crate, or a pet bed, or a pen.

When she’s at her pen/crate, unleash her. So she will understand, this is the area she could be at ease. Prepare fresh water for her. Place her previous belonging (it could be anything she’s familiar from the mother, siblings, pet shop) anything she’s used to, the familiar scent would let her feel more at ease.

Then, spend some time to sit with her, to keep her accompanied, you may look her in the eyes and talk to her. You might notice she will be very alert to sound and noise. Petting her while talking to her also could show you are welcoming and she could feel you.

Caution: Keep your house windows and gates are locked, and your car windows, keep it shut while bringing her home. She might be looking for chances to escape from an unfamiliar place.

What are the trainings that you should start in Week 1:

#1 Potty training

Golden retriever puppy looking guilty from his punishment

It takes a lot of patience to potty train, especially when your dog is staying indoor. If not well done, you will be frustrated regardless how cute she is. It is always good to start as soon as you brought her home.

You need to keep an eye on her behaviours, signals and indication that she does before she pee or poo. The usual indication is they will start walking and sniffing in circles. For female dog, you will notice their back legs will be wider and wider while walking and slowly squatting down. So, when you saw her poo, say “poo” or any command you like to mark the action, meanwhile you could slot the pee pad / newspaper to it. When she completes, take the wet pee pad and move it to the designated area and mark that spot. Your dog will sniff, be prepare that you might need to repeat this process a few times until she recognizes the pee pad, and that area.

#2 Crate

Putting your dog in crate, is an exceptional important training to do, especially for those working adults and living indoors. She should learn to keep herself occupied and entertained.

It again takes time, and should not rushed through it. Do it step by step, slowly increasing the time in crate. Introduce the crate, reward her with treats when she did it correctly. Play with her while she is in the crate, then slowly close the door for 10 seconds then open bit by bit to avoid her rushing out. Start opening 1/4, if she doesn’t rush out, say “good”, then continue opening it 1/2, if she rushes out, say “wait” or “hold” with your palm stopping her while saying. You could also close it back to the 1/4 position and say “wait”. When she does it correctly, reward her immediately. Then when you allow her to go out, you may say “Go” and remove your hand to indicate she can go. Reward her when she did it correctly.

Slowly increase the time in crate, from 10 then 20 seconds slowly to a minute, then more. Prevent to do it the first time then lock her for hours and all went out. It might take a few days and weeks, practice with her more often in a day. Also preventing to lock her during her toilet time.

Handling Rewards & Punishment with Care

Reward here means treats and compliment words.

Punishment here means scolding. Physical punishment like hitting or caning is not advisable.

All rewarding and punishing actions should be done immediate, while she’s performing that unwanted action. For example, say “NO” when you saw her biting on your furniture. If you wake up in the morning and saw your torn or scratched sofas, but not seeing her doing that, do not scold her. You may scold her out of frustration, she may feel guilty, but she doesn’t understand what she did wrong. She will only understand when she’s stopped while doing it.

Same applies to rewarding. It has to be immediate. There are always a few-seconds break time, from her doing something right and wrong in between till your treats arrive. Example, you might want to reward her on the action that she go into the crate. but while you are giving it to her, she is hopping out from it. So she might think that the treat is for her hopping. To prevent that, you may mark that action with “GOOD” while handling the treat over for that action.

Hence, the final note. All dogs are trainable, be patient and don’t assume. They do not know what you want, until she’s properly trained. Be consistent with your Do’s and Don’ts. With that, you will have a meaningful life together.

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